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A security clearance is a personnel security determination by competent authority that an individual is eligible for access to national security information and/or assignment to duties that have been designated “national security sensitive”.
The DoD Consolidated Adjudications Facility (DoD CAF) renders security clearance determinations for all DoD affiliated personnel (Military, Civilians, and Industry personnel), and select non-DoD agency personnel. If the DoD CAF’s decision is properly appealed, a higher-level panel of three individuals outside of the DoD CAF make a final decision on issuance for military and civilian individuals. If an industry applicant appeals a DoD CAF decision, the Defense Office of Hearings and Appeals (DOHA) decides eligibility on appeal.
As defined in Executive Order 12968, as amended, ‘‘need to know’’ means a determination made by an authorized holder of classified information that a prospective recipient requires access to specific classified information in order to perform or assist in a lawful and authorized governmental function. As defined in Executive Order 12968, as amended, “need for access’’ means a determination that an individual requires access to a particular level of classified information in order to perform or assist in a lawful and authorized governmental function.
Individuals employed by the Federal Government and military members serving in classified or national security sensitive positions. Requirement for a security clearance are therefore job-based, not individually based. Pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 12968, as amended, “No employee shall be granted access to classified information unless that employee has been determined to be eligible in accordance with this order and to possess a need-to-know.”
Individuals cannot submit applications for security clearances on their own behalf. Other cleared people cannot nominate them for a clearance. Only the employing organization can determine whether an individual’s position will require access to classified information and if necessary will initiate the processing of a security clearance for the person occupying that job.
The DoD CAF determines eligibility in accordance with Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) Security Executive Agent Directive (SEAD) 4 “National Security Adjudicative Guidelines.” The decision to grant or deny an individual an eligibility is based on a review of information that he or she supplies and information that is gathered during the background investigation and other available, reliable information. All the information, both positive and negative, is considered against a set of adjudicative guidelines, which are standards promulgated by the ODNI as implementing documents for Executive Order 12968. Each guideline covers a broad security concern, the issues that may arise under that concern, and the information that may mitigate the security concern. Personnel security specialists receive training and are professionally certified to make decisions based on the guidelines. They must document those decisions and their rationale when granting or denying eligibility to an individual.
DCSA has the responsibility of conducting background investigations for over 100 federal agencies — approximately 95% of all background investigations government-wide.
The Security Manager or designated representative for your organization should be your first contact for assistance in completing a security clearance package or inquiring into the status of a security clearance.
is currently the record that records eligibility decisions and other related information that is useful to security managers. It can be checked online by registered users in the security community. JPAS is scheduled to be replaced soon with a newer record system that will have even more useful functions.
“No determination made” (NDM) means that there is currently inadequate information that prevents the DoD CAF from making a favorable or unfavorable clearance determination. There are several potential reasons for this determination, including the following: 1) When the investigation was requested, the command indicated "Access Level = 0,” meaning no access is required. 2) The individual is not a United States citizen. 3) Additional information was requested regarding an individual’s personnel security investigation, however no response to the investigation was received by the DoD CAF. New codes to replace NDM are currently under review with USD(I&S).
LOJ is placed in JPAS on an individual’s eligibility once they have been out-processed from JPAS and no longer have an affiliation with the DoD as a military member, employee, or cleared contractor employee, prior to the DoD CAF being able to make a favorable eligibility determination. In order to request adjudication, the Security Manager or Facility Security Officer (FSO) must submit a Customer Service Request (CSR) in the Defense Information Security System (DISS) for a new action to request adjudication once they have created a new owning relationship for that individual in their JPAS account.
DCSA processes agency requests to re-open investigations and conduct Reimbursable Suitability/Security Investigations (RSI). A “re-open” applies to an investigation that has been closed with DCSA within the past year and uses the DCSA’s Federal Investigations Processing Center (FIPC) 553. The FIPC receives the requests for investigation, processes the requests through an automated system, and serves as an entrance point for case-related and operations questions. An RSI applies to all other investigations that remain within scope and have been closed with DCSA for more than a year and uses the FIPC 554. The FIPC 553 and FIPC 554 and be submitted via the secure NP2 Portal.
Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI), that is, information and materials that because of their sensitivity require special controls for restricted handling within intelligence collection programs. Special systems of information compartmentation must be formally established, with special requirements for individuals requiring “SCI access”.
Individuals cannot submit applications for SCI eligibility, whether interim or final, on their own behalf. Other SCI-cleared people cannot nominate individuals for SCI eligibility. Only the component that has SCI responsibilities can submit a Customer Service Request (CSR) to the DoD CAF in DISS using the “Interim SCI Eligibility” option. A copy of the individual’s most recent Standard Form 86 (SF-86) and the personnel screening interview questionnaire must accompany the request. Using any other CSR option could result in the request being rejected or other delays. Components who are unable to select the “Interim SCI Eligibility” CSR option must contact the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC) Helpdesk at 1-800-467-5526 or email email@example.com., for resolution.
The Collab CAF is DMDC, who is the information owner and administrator of DISS and JPAS. DMDC has several Data Quality Initiatives (DQI) that result in an individual’s eligibility being Administratively Withdrawn. These DQIs identify breaks-in-service, lack of U.S. citizenship listed in JPAS, and other conditions. Eligibility can be recertified, if appropriate, if the component submits a CSR to recertify the individual’s eligibility.
The DoD CAF renders “favorable” eligibility determinations on non-US citizens and others not requiring eligibility or access to classified information.
For access to some classified information, such as SCI or Special Access Programs (SAPs), the information owner may impose additional requirements or conditions even if the individual is otherwise eligible for a security clearance or access authorization based on Reciprocity. Two common examples are the requirement of some agencies for the individual to undergo a polygraph or counterintelligence polygraph examination before being hired, and the requirement of some agencies that the individual not have any foreign-born relatives.
It depends on how long ago you had access with the DoE. Reciprocity usually applies. Per Security Executive Agent Directive (SEAD 7), “Agencies shall accept national security eligibility adjudications conducted by an authorized adjudicative agency at the same level or higher level…” DOE “L” and “Q” Access Authorizations are equivalent to “Secret” and “Top Secret” eligibility respectively.
In most instances, if you need eligibility in the new agency, the eligibility will be reciprocally accepted by the new agency. The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) issued guidance regarding Reciprocity of Background Investigations and National Security Adjudications via Security Executive Agent Directive (SEAD) 7.
The DoD Continuous Evaluation (CE) program is an ongoing screening process to review the background of an individual who is already assigned to a sensitive position or has access to classified information. CE leverages automated record checks and applies business rules (aligned to the Federal Investigative Standards) to assist in the ongoing assessment of an individual's continued eligibility. Eventually all DoD-affiliated personnel will be enrolled in CE, thereby reducing the need for periodic-reinvestigations.
Yes, every individual who undergoes a background investigation and receives an unfavorable decision has the right to administrative Due Process. Civilian and military personnel can choose to appeal in writing directly to their respective component Personnel Security Appeals Board (PSAB) or indirectly through a personal appearance at the Defense Office of Hearings & Appeals (DOHA). In either case, the final appeal decision is made by the PSAB. Industry personnel must appeal to DOHA for a final decision. For more information, refer to DoD Manual 5200.2 for military and civilian personnel and DoD Directive 5220.6R for industry personnel.
The decision of the appeal authority, whether DOHA or a PSAB, is final. At the conclusion of the appeal process, however, the individual’s Security Office may submit a Reconsideration Request to the DoD CAF no earlier than one year from the date of the final denial or revocation. The individual is responsible for providing documentation to their security office that the circumstances or conditions that resulted in the denial or revocation have been rectified or sufficiently mitigated to warrant reconsideration. Reconsideration is not an action that is available to individuals; only an employing organization may ask for reconsideration. The DoD CAF will review the information provided in the Reconsideration Request and make a decision to grant or deny eligibility. No Due Process or appeal rights are afforded to the individual. In lieu of the reconsideration process, the owning organization has the option to submit a request for a new background investigation. The DoD CAF will make a final determination upon the completion, receipt, and review of the background investigation. However, the organization cannot submit a request for the investigation until a year has passed since the final denial or revocation. Regardless of which option is exercised, the individual’s clearance remains denied or revoked in the system of record. During this time, the individual cannot be granted interim eligibility or access.
To request a copy of your background investigation, you must submit a request to the DCSA Freedom of Information Act/Privacy Act FOIA/PA Office, using the INV100 Freedom of Information, Privacy Act Record Request Form or submit a handwritten request.
Individuals are prohibited from directly contacting the DoD CAF. For information on their own clearance, they must contact their respective Security Management Office (SMO) or, for individuals in industry, their Facility Security Office (FSO). Only authorized SMOs and FSOs can contact the DoD CAF on the behalf of an individual.
You must contact the DMDC Helpdesk at 1-800-467-5526 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Homeland Security Presidential Directive-12 (HSPD-12), as specified by the DoD Instruction 5200.46, is a program addressing individuals entrusted with access to federal property and information systems must not put the U.S. government at risk or provide an avenue for terrorism. The HSPD-12 program provides guidance for issuing the Common Access Card (CAC), which serves as the DoD Personal Identity Verification (PIV) credential. HSPD-12 primarily covers the un-cleared contractor population
DoD Instruction 1400.25, Volume 731 delegates authority to the DoD CAF to manage the employment suitability program for the DoD. Suitability adjudications are required for all covered positions (including most federal jobs) and take into consideration a person’s “suitability.” Determinations are based on a person’s character and conduct that may have an impact on the integrity or efficiency of the service.
Fitness adjudications follow much of the same program guidance as suitability but are conducted for employees of contractors supporting the federal government.
The majority of HSPD-12, Suitability, and Fitness investigations are conducted on what are known as Tier-1 Investigations.
Currently, the DoD CAF does not have the authority to make an unfavorable HSPD-12, Suitability, or Fitness determination. In cases where the DoD CAF does not have enough information to mitigate a potential issue or the case warrants administrative Due Process, the DoD CAF will transfer the case to the employing component for a final adjudicative determination. This transfer is known as a “Transfer of Jurisdiction” or “TOJ.” Each component is expected to have an adjudicator for these cases. The DoD CAF is planning a pilot program for the possibility of working these unfavorable cases in the future.
According to DoD Instruction 1402.05, all individuals who have regular contact with children under 18 years of age in DoD-sanctioned childcare services programs will undergo a criminal history background check in order to protect the health, safety, and well-being of children in such programs. Individuals subject to criminal history background checks as part of the childcare program include:
No. Seeking mental health care is a positive course of action and a sign of sound judgment. It is the most common way to mitigate mental health issues and is recognized as a positive step during the personnel vetting process.
Initial clearance requests: Clearance candidates should follow current Standard Form 86 (SF-86) Section 21 guidance regarding reporting instructions. The issues of potential concern are:
Cleared individuals: As with many reportable categories, significant changes to questionnaire responses mandate self-reporting to an individual’s security manager or facility security officer. Actively cleared individuals who experience one of the examples cited above after completing their SF-86 are required to report the new information to their security office by filling out an SF-86C.
An intentional lack of transparency in answering the questions in Section 21 or failing to report new information to your security office will raise significant security concerns;, other potential security concerns generally include:
Investigators may request the opinion of your current or most recent health care professional to determine whether your condition possibly impacts your reliability, judgment, trustworthiness, and capacity to perform sensitive national security duties. Depending upon the nature of the concern, the investigator may request a summary of your medical records or hard copies of your medical records. In some cases, individuals may be asked to participate in an independent psychological evaluation with a government approved evaluator.
No. There are no automatically disqualifying conditions or treatments. National security professionals have demonstrated the ability to manage work effectively with appropriate treatment, even for conditions specified in Section 21. When necessary, seeking mental health care helps demonstrate integrity and trustworthiness and may contribute favorably to decisions about eligibility.